We’ve discussed Web 2.0 tools and activities, but Web 3.0 is either already here or fast approaching, depending who you ask.
What is it? When is it?
Web 3.0 is the next generation of the web; the technologies and activities. But there is no commonly agreed upon definition of Web 3.0 and no common idea of when it will occur or if it has already occurred yet.
Tim O’Reilly sees Web 3.0 as the natural extension of Web 2.0. In contrast, Nova Spivack defines Web 3.0 as a “connective intelligence; connecting data, concepts, applications and ultimately people” (Spivack, 2007). While Tim Berners-Lee sees it as “the semantic web of data” (Berners-Lee, 2005) or also referred to as “the intelligent web”.
The Semantic web of data is already here: cloud computing, distributed databases, predictive analytics, machine based reading and filtering of data, intelligent applications, open technologies, etc.
Ironically, Google, Facebook and other techs are currently taking action to stop human interference into search ranking manipulation and fake news. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/dec/05/google-must-review-its-search-rankings-because-of-rightwing-manipulation)
Some argue that we are experiencing late Web 2.0 while others claim Web 3.0 is already here. Some believe that “The Internet of Things” is Web 3.0; web connected devices, including mobile, banking systems, webcams, DVRs, coffee machines, tele-presence robots, shower heads, etc. The Internet of Things is here.
(As a side note: The recent denial of service attacks in October 2016 that brought down the internet on the USA’s east coast, was caused by hacks against internet-connected home devices: DVRs, routers, webcams, etc. https://www.wired.com/2016/10/internet-outage-ddos-dns-dyn/)
What we do know, is that Web 3.0 will (or has) change(d) how we interact with the web (apps, things, data) and each other and that will (or has had) an impact on teaching and learning.
Constructivism and Connectivism are teaching methodologies firmly rooted in Web 2.0 and e-learning 2.0 a direct response to the development of these tools, so what will e-learning 3.0 look like? Will we use these past learning methodologies or do we need new ones? What are they and what will they look like?
Strickland, J. How Web 3.0 Will Work. Retrieved from: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/web-30.htm
The Semantic Web Retrieved from: http://www.moreyne.com/web-3-0-the-semantic-web/
Berners-Lee, T. (2008). The Semantic Web of Data Tim Berners-Lee. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HeUrEh-nqtU
Saucedo, A. Web 3.0 – The Internet of Things. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_nbUizGeEY
Meyers, M. (2015). The Internet of Things. Retrieved from: https://www.edsurge.com/news/2015-03-28-connecting-the-classroom-with-the-internet-of-things
Moreyne, M. Web 3.0 – The Semantic Web. Retrieved from: http://www.moreyne.com/web-3-0-the-semantic-web/
Spivack, N. (2009). Web Evolution. Retrieved from: http://www.slideshare.net/novaspivack/web-evolution-nova-spivack-twine
The recent DNS (DDoS) attack involved hacks on insecure household devices (Internet of Things – IoT) built with default ids and passwords (simple ones) hardcoded into the firmware and inaccessible or not easily accessed from the admin interface. To increase security, vendors have to allow for users to access ids and passwords from the admin interface to allow users to create strong passwords. Some vendors, such as Samsung and Panasonic, currently do. There is a second issue: The Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) used by IoT devices, to make them easier to use, pokes holes in a routers security barrier opening up the device to attacks.
Driverless cars are open to hacks but so are self-driving (cars driven by a human but with an “auto pilot” like functionality) and human driven cars.
Hackers Remotely Kill a Jeep on the Highway—With Me in It
Anything connected to the internet is open to attack but some things are less secure than others.